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Category: internet

A closer look at the Dark web

Did you know that you access the Deep Web each day without even realising it? In today’s edition of Tech InDepth, we decode dark web and deep web.

The dark web and deep web may sound like interchangeable terms, but that is not the case. In popular understanding, the dark web is often associated with a number of elements like illegal drug trading, weapon smuggling, etc. And while some of it is true, there are more complexities at hand when looking at these concepts.

Today, we will try and take a closer look at the terms dark web and the deep web to understand what these are and how they work. But before that we will understand something much simpler to grasp – the surface web.

What is the surface web?

The surface web is the part of the World Wide Web that is indexed. By indexed, we mean that it can be searched via a search engine like Google, Bing or DuckDuckGo. This can be the Steam Store, your favourite shopping site or piracy website that is banned in your region. If a search engine can pull up said website (say, via a VPN), it is part of the surface web.

Extract from: Tech InDepth: A closer look at deep web and dark web

Truth about the Dark Web

Intended to protect dissidents, it has also cloaked illegal activity

Aditi Kumar and Eric Rosenbach

In the late 1990s, two research organizations in the US Department of Defense drove efforts to develop an anonymized and encrypted network that would protect the sensitive communications of US spies. This secret network would not be known or accessible to ordinary internet surfers. And while the original clandestine intention was never fully realized, some of the researchers saw a different value proposition at hand—launching a nonprofit focused on anonymity for human rights and privacy activists.

Enter the Tor network, short for “The Onion Router,” given the many layers of encryption that guard passing information. Tor lives on the fringe of the internet and serves as the underlying technology of the dark web—a collection of hidden sites inaccessible via a regular browser and not indexed by search engines such as Google. The Tor browser—a free download—is all you need to unlock this hidden corner of the web where privacy is paramount. Radical anonymity, however, casts a long shadow.

The truth about the dark web is that in addition to offering extreme privacy and protection from the surveillance of authoritarian governments, it facilitates a growing underground marketplace that sophisticated criminals use to traffic drugs, stolen identities, child pornography, and other illicit products and services. And with untraceable cryptocurrency as the primary means of payment, close cooperation between law enforcement, financial institutions, and regulators around the world is required to tighten the screws on nefarious activity.

Extract from: The Truth about the Dark Web

What Really Is the Dark Web?

We hear about it all the time, but do we know what it is?

 

DARK AND DEEP

Every once in a while, you see headlines about the dark web, mostly in relation to a police operation. Or you hear about hackers dumping passwords on the dark web. You even hear stories of how “90 percent of the Internet” is on the dark web. But what is it really and how do you get there?

The dark web is a sector of the Internet you can’t search from Google, and you’ll need special software to access it. It allows users to be anonymous while visiting sites, and require browsers that will hide the IP addresses of the servers that run the site. This level of anonymity makes the dark web attractive to both whistleblowers and criminals.

Now, there is a lot of confusion between the dark web and the deep web. The deep web is simply any site or parts of sites that aren’t indexed in search engines. Sites hidden beneath a paywall or password-protected parts of the Internet are in the deep web. That’s a lot of websites, which is where the 90 percent thing comes from.

 

HOW DO YOU GET THERE?

Getting to the dark web requires special software. The most prominent is Tor or The Onion Router. It works by zigzagging the path web traffic goes through. Instead of connecting you directly to a website, Tor goes through relay servers and encrypters.

Extract From:  What Really Is the Dark Web?